Splitting parental leave and working in home office from abroad

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Re: Splitting parental leave and working in home office from abroad

Kirjoittaja Kela | kansainväliset asiat » 03 Touko 2021, 09:44

Hello schami!

A telecommuter can be equated with a posted worker, even though the term "posted worker" isn't necessarily linguistically correct in all cases.

As the Finnish Centre for Pensions hadle these matters, I would suggest to be in contact with them for more information on the possible implications for the employer.

Best regards
Vilma | Kela kansainväliset asiat

Re: Splitting parental leave and working in home office from abroad

Kirjoittaja schami » 30 Huhti 2021, 15:48

Dear Vilma,

thank you very much for your answer, which, in my opinion, has been very detailed and rich in information.

I had also called the international situations number, but for me, it helps to write things down and to be able to read the answer. So this service is very useful.

Your assumption that we are under KELA coverage is correct.

I would have one final question. The term "posted worker" is technically not correct in my case, my employer is not exactly "posting me" but granting me the right to work remotely from abroad. I believe for KELA this does not make any difference, but does it have any implications for my employer? I just want to make sure the employer will not be obliged to pay any extra fees because of me being a "posted worker".

Best regards,
"schami" :)

Re: Splitting parental leave and working in home office from abroad

Kirjoittaja Kela | kansainväliset asiat » 28 Huhti 2021, 14:36

Hello schami!

My answer is partly based on the assumption that you and your family
are entitled to social security coverage and Kela benefits already, as you have been working in Finland for the few last years. If not, I would suggest that you are in contact with our phone services.

As a posted worker you are usually entitled to social security coverage and Kela benefits whilst on assignment abroad, for the period stated in your A1 certificate. You don't need to notify Kela of your posting separately, as the Finnish Centre for Pensions informs Kela directly of the A1 certificate. You can request an S1 certificate from Kela by submitting a message online or by calling our phone services.

Family members to a posted worker are also usually entitled to social security coverage and Kela benefits during the posting, but as they are not eligible for an A1 certificate, they will have to notify Kela of the temporary relocation themselves. The notification can easily be submitted online, or through the form Y38e.

Once your wife starts working for a Finnish employer after her maternity leave she will have to apply for an A1 certificate herself. I would suggest being in contact with The Finnish Centre for Pensions concerning the application process, as they usually suggest that one applies for the certificate well ahead in time before one starts working abroad.

The parental allowance can be split in the way that you suggest. A requirement for the partial parental allowance is that both parents have a contract of part-time (40%-60%) employment with their employer lasting at least two consecutive months during the period of parental allowance. You can read more about the allowence and the requirements here.

Your wife can, as you suggest, claim the maternity allowance until the end of December and then submit the upcoming applications later on. It is also possible for her to apply for the whole period at once. This is up to her/you to decide. Please notice, that the maternity allowance should be claimed no later than 2 months before the expected due date. Later, you can both, through new application forms, claim the partial parental allowances. However, as the processing times in international situations sometimes tend to be a bit longer than in national situations, I suggest that you claim the benefits well ahead in time before the parental leave is set to begin. You don't need to specify, in your first application for the partial parental allowance, on which date you will switch from working 60%-40% to 40%-60%. This you can inform Kela of through a new application, submitted at least one month ahead of the change.

On this forum, we can only provide you with general information, and therefore, I cannot give you answers that are more detailed than the ones above. If you have further questions, I recommend you to call our international situations number. This way we can discuss your personal situation in more detail.

Best regards
Vilma | Kela kansainväliset asiat

Splitting parental leave and working in home office from abroad

Kirjoittaja schami » 26 Huhti 2021, 10:36

Hello,

We will move to Austria from July 2021 to July 2022 (13 months), after which we return to Finland. My wife and I have both been working in Finland for the last years without interruption. We have two children and we are expecting a third one in August. My wife starts her maternity leave on June 30, while still in Finland, but we move in early July. Our plan is that I will work remotely for my Finnish employer. Starting with January 2022, we would split the parental leave 40% (my wife) and 60% (myself), starting with May 2022 the other way around (60%/40%; partially under kotihoidontuki). My wife will also work remotely for her Finnish employer.
I have now applied for the A1 certificate from the Finnish Centre for pensions, through which I should get the S1 certificate from KELA which ensures that I, my wife and our kids will be covered by the Finnish social security system - which will cover the birth in Austria, and will allow me to apply for paternity leave, for example.
Now our questions are:
1. Is the above correct and can we make our plan happen like this?
2. Once my wife will start working, will she need to apply for the A1 certificate? (or should she do that already now?)
3. Do we need to apply
- for the whole parental allowance (including the split in 2022) already now, or
- can my wife apply for the allowance until the end of December, and we can apply for the remaining period (that will be split) later, or
- would it be best if she applied for the whole parental leave period for herself, and we can apply for the split period later?

We are looking forward to your response!

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